The fortress of the Conti Guidi, also called \\\”Roccaccia\\\” is a fortification dominating the town of Modigliana. On 8 September 896 the Countess Ingelrada donated Modigliana to her son Pietro, deacon of Ravenna. In 925 the castle of Modigliana is subject to Ingelrada II, daughter of Duke Martino of Ravenna. In the 10th century Guido, progenitor of the Guidi counts, was made Palatine Count by the emperor Otto I of Saxony and received from these the county of Modigliana in Romagna. On 28 September 1164 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa confirms the possession of the castle of Modigliana to Guido Guerra. In 1166 the castle of Modigliana hosts the emperor Frederick I Barbarossa with the empress, who gives birth to a son named Corrado. On May 25, 1191 Emperor Henry VI of Swabia confirms possession of the castle of Modigliana to the Guidi counts. On November 29, 1220, Emperor Frederick II confirmed the possession of the castle of Modigliana to the Guidi counts. On March 21, 1230, Modigliana was assigned to Guido and Tegrimo by division of capital between the Counts Guidi. In 1278 Modigliana was besieged by the Florentines. On June 14, 1362 Fiore by Guido di Domestico of the Guidi da Modigliana counts goes to Florence with its castles, among which there is also that of Modigliana. On 7 August 1377 Modigliana submits to Florence. In 1415 Modigliana is a first grade castle in the Florentine district. In 1440 the castle of Modigliana was taken by the troops of Guidantonio Manfredi who obtained the donation from the Visconti family. In 1445 Florence reenters the castle of Modigliana. In 1502 Vitellozzo Vitelli captured the castle of Modigliana and sacked it. Subsequently the loss of the military function, the earthquake of 1661, followed by other strong tremors in 1773, determined its abandonment. In 1918 the great collapse of part of the circular tower occurred, which resulted in vertical sectioning.

Convent of the Capuchins of Modigliana. On 11 November 1561 two friars of the new order of the Capuchins planted a cross on Mount Castellaro, The building was continuously extended in beautiful architecture and in an enchanting position. Today it is the seat of the Accademia degli Incamminati (one of the oldest in Italy). It was founded in 1561 by fathers Lorenzo Visani from Fognano and Bernardino Piazza da Modigliana on the site called \\\”Monte Castellaro\\\”, already a Roman site preserving a well of extraordinary depth still visible, and laid the first stone of a convent of 18 initial cells. The small church was dedicated to S. Maria della Pace. The convent was enlarged on various occasions until it took on its present form at the end of the eighteenth century and is now home to the Accademia degli Incamminati, which promoted its restoration. there were funerary tombstones of important people for city life, including those of the brothers Giovanni and Matteo Zauli, who in 1823 had built the first steam spinning mill in Modigliana – with advanced avant-garde technique – from all over Romagna and Tuscany .
Inside there are various wooden altars of frank cappuccino style. On the main altar, a painting by Mastelletta and a lateral painting by Carlo Cignani.
Behind the canvas placed on the first altar on the right, grandiose reliquary with busts of saints carved in wood, in color, of probable high-Atesine workmanship.
Beside the steps of the church there is a devotional cave with a group of life-size statues, depicting the Passion.

The fourteenth-century bridge with three arches overlooks the homonymous Brusia waterfall. Bocconi where we can enjoy a wonderful view of the Brusia waterfall, from the top of the humpback bridge with three arches. During the summer the large pool into which the crystal clear water plunges is very pleasing to bathers after a long walk the marked trails that start from this place. Interesting treks can be done to discover ancient uninhabited settlements, including a visit to Bastia. From Bocconi there are also several paths and mule tracks that link the Montone valley to the Tramazzo valley.

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17 April 2019

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